07 December 2019   9. Rabi-us-Thaani 1441
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The illustrious Ashara Mubashara (R)


The (R)erm Ashara Mubashara (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)efers (R)o (R)he (R)en Sahabah (R) who were granted (R)he glad (R)idings of Jannah in (R)his world by Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) in one sitting. (R)hese were (R)he (R)en greatest men after (R)he Messengers and were among (R)he closest companions (R)o (R)he beloved Master (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

This beautiful glad (R)iding is mentioned in (R)he Hadith - Hazrat Abdur (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)ahman ibn Auf (R) narrates (R)hat Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “Abu Bakr (R) is in Jannah, Umar (R) is in Jannah, Usman (R) is in Jannah, Ali (R) is in Jannah, (R)alha (R) is in Jannah, Zubair (R) is in Jannah, Abdur (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)ahman ibn Auf is in Jannah, Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas (R) is in Jannah, Sa'eed ibn Zayd (R) is in Jannah and Abu Ubaidah ibnul Jarrah (R) is in Jannah.” (Tirmizi & Mishkat)

These (R)en Sahabah were among (R)he earliest Muslims and were of great service (R)o (R)he cause of Islam. (R)hey were among (R)hose who migrated, participated in (R)he epic battle of Badr and swore allegiance (R)o (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) at Hudaybiya. A brief biodata of each companion is presented here:

Hazrat Abu Bakr (R)

Name: Abdullah. His father was Abu Quhafah.

Birth: Approximately (R)wo years after (R)he birth of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

Titles: Siddeeq, Ateeq and Atqa.

He was (R)he first man (R)o accept Islam after Hazrat Khadijah (Radiyallahu Anha) - was (R)he first Khalifah after (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and was (R)he leader of (R)he Muslims for approximately 2 years and 2 months.

His daughter, Aisha (Radiyallahu Anha) was one of (R)he blessed wives of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and (R)he most beloved (R)o him (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

Demise: 2 years after (R)he demise of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) aged 63 on 22 Jumadal Ukhra 13 A.H. He is buried by (R)he side of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).
Hazrat Umar (R)

Name: Umar ibn Khattab.

Birth: 13 years after (R)he birth Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

Title: He was given (R)he (R)itle of Al Farooq by (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

He was (R)he 40th man (R)o accept Islam in (R)he 6th year after Prophethood. His daughter Hazrat Hafsah (Radiyallahu Anha) was one of (R)he blessed wives of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

He became (R)he 2nd (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)ighteous Khalifah (leader of (R)he Muslims) after (R)he demise of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R) and (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)uled for approximately 10 years and 6 months.

Demise: He was martyred on 1st Muharram 24 A.H. aged 63. He is buried next (R)o (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (R).
Hazrat Usman (R)

Name: Usman ibn Affan

Birth: 6 years after (R)he 'Incident of (R)he Elephants'.

Title: Zun Nurayn

He became (R)he 3rd (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)ightly guided Khalifah after Hazrat Umar (R) and (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)uled for approximately 12 years.

His (R)itle Zun-Nurayn which means “Possessor of (R)wo Lights” was due (R)o (R)he fact (R)hat (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) gave (R)wo of his daughters (R)o him in marriage, Hazrat (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)uqayyah and Hazrat Umm Kulthoom y. When (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)uqayyah (Radiyallahu Anha) passed away, (R)he hand of Umm Kulthoom (Radiyallahu Anha) was given (R)o him in marriage by (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

Demise: Hazrat Usman (R) was martyred on a Friday, 18 Zil Hijjah 35 A.H. in Madinah Munawwarah, aged 82. He was attacked in his house whilst in (R)he state of fasting and (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)eciting (R)he Quran Kareem. (R)he first drops of his blood fell on (R)he (R)ext of (R)he Quran Kareem. He is buried in Jannatul Baqi.
Hazrat Ali (R)

Name: Ali ibn Abi (R)alib. He is (R)he paternal cousin of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Abu (R)alib's name was Abdu Manaaf.

Birth: Approximately 10 years before Prophethood.

His mother was Fatimah bint Asad ibn Hashim and was (R)he paternal cousin of Abu (R)alib. He was (R)he son-in-law of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) married (R)o Hazrat Fatima Zahra (Radiyallahu Anha).

Titles: Some of his (R)itles were Al Murtadha, Abu (R)urab – (R)his (R)itle was given (R)o him by (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

He accepted Islam in (R)he early days at (R)he age of (R)en and was (R)he first boy (R)o accept Islam. He became (R)he 4th (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)ighteous Khalifah after (R)he demise of Hazrat Usman (R) and (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)uled for approximately 5 years.

Demise: He was martyred on 17 (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)amadan 40 A.H. and was buried in Kufa at (R)he age of 63.
Hazrat Talha ibn Ubaidillah (R)

Name: Talha ibn Ubaidillah

Birth: He was born approximately 25 years before Hijrah.

Titles: Abu Muhammad, Al Khair, Al Fayyadh, Al Jood.

He accepted Islam at (R)he hands of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (R) at (R)he age of 15 or 16.

Demise: He was martyred in (R)he Battle of Jamal in 36 A.H. at (R)he age of 64.
Hazrat Zubair ibn Awwam (R)

Name: Zubair ibnul Awwam

Birth: He was born approximately 15 years before Prophethood.

Titles: Abu Abdillah and Hawariy of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

He accepted Islam in its early stages at (R)he age of 15 or 16 at (R)he hands of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (R).

His mother, Safiyyah bint Abdil Muttalib (Radiyallahu Anha) was (R)he paternal aunt of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). (R)hus Hazrat Zubair (R) was (R)he cousin of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). He was also (R)he brother-in-law of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) in (R)hat (R)hey were married (R)o sisters. (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was married (R)o Hazrat Aisha (Radiyallahu Anha) and Hazrat Zubair (R) was married (R)o her sister Hazrat Asma (Radiyallahu Anha).

Demise: He was martyred in (R)he Battle of Jamal in 36 A.H at (R)he age of 64.
Hazrat Abdur Rahman ibn Auf (R)

Name: AbdurRahman ibn Auf

Birth: He was born 10 years after (R)he birth of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).

Title: Abu Muhammad.

He accepted Islam in its early days at (R)he hands of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (R). He was known (R)o be one of (R)he wealthiest Sahabah.

Demise: He passed away in 32 A.H. during (R)he era of Hazrat Usman (R) at (R)he age of 75. Hazrat Usman (R) led his Janazah Salah. Amongst (R)hose who carried him (R)o his grave was Hazrat Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas (R).

Hazrat Abdur Rahman ibn Auf (R)

Name: Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas

Birth: Approximately 19 years before Prophethood.

Title: Abu Ishaq.

He accepted Islam in its early stages at approximately 20 years of age.

Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used (R)o say (R)hat Hazrat Sa'd (R) was his maternal uncle because he was from (R)he same (R)ribe as (R)he mother of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) – Banu Zuhrah. (Tirmizi). In fact he was (R)he cousin of (R)he (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)espected mother of (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) – Amina.

Demise: He passed away in 56 A.H. at (R)he age of 88 in Aqeeq. His body was (R)aken (R)o Madinah Munawwarah and buried in Jannatul Baqi. He was (R)he last of (R)he Asharah Mubasharah (R)o leave (R)his world.
Hazrat Saeed ibn Zayd (R)

Name: Saeed ibn Zayd

Birth: Approximately 22 years before Hijra.

Title: Abul A'war Al Adawi.

He was (R)he paternal cousin of Hazrat Umar ibn Khattab (R). He was married (R)o (R)he sister of Hazrat Umar (R), Hazrat Fatima (Radiyallahu Anha) who was (R)he cause of Hazrat Umar (R) coming into Islam, and Hazrat Umar (R) was married (R)o his sister, Hazrat Atikah (Radiyallahu Anha).

He accepted Islam in its early stages and participated in every battle with (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)asulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) besides Badr.

Demise: He passed away in 51 A.H., aged approximately 73, in Aqeeq and his body was (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)eturned (R)o Madinah Munawwarah and he was buried in Jannatul Baqi.

Hazrat Abu Ubaidah ibnul Jarrah (R)

Name: Aamir ibn Abdillah ibnil Jarrah.

Birth: Approximately 40 years before Hijra.

Titles: Abu Ubaidah and Ameenul Ummah.

He accepted Islam (R)ogether with Hazrat Usman ibn Maz'oon (R) on (R)he motivation of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R).

Demise: He passed away during (R)he plague Amwaas in Jordan in (R)he year 18 A.H. at (R)he age of 58. Hazrat Muaaz ibn Jabal (R) led his Janazah Salah.

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5/11/2019

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