25 February 2020   1. Rajab 1441
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Suicide - A path to destruction

Therefore Allah says:  “How can you disbelieve? Seeing that you were dead and He gave you life. Then He will give you death, then again will bring you to life (on the Day of Resurrection) and then unto Him you will return." (Surah Al-Baqarah Verse 28)

This bounty of life is a trust that is accompanied with responsibilities. It must be cherished and utilized correctly. Any breach of this trust will be a matter of accountability to the Owner of this trust – Our Creator and Maker, Allah Ta’ala.

Life is about Ease and Grief

Hand in hand with ease, one will be called upon to embrace certain challenges, hardships and difficulties (at some point or the other). This is the pattern of life for human beings. Conditions of happiness and ease are not perpetual. Rather, occasions of sorrow, grief and difficulty will prevail.

The challenges of life may seem to be enormous, however - with patience - it will never be beyond the individual's capacity to bear.

Allah Ta'ala says, “Allah does not burden a soul with more than it is capable of enduring” (Surah Baqarah)

Thus, there will be challenges and the challenges will be within our scope of patience and endurance and there will be relief and consolation for us from Allah. Allah Ta'ala says; “Verily with every difficulty there is relief.” This verse is repeated in Surah Inshirah for emphasis.

The Road to Eternal Destruction

Some believe that a quick way out of difficulties, is to commit suicide. Suicide, or self-killing, is a known phenomenon in every culture and society. Generally, people who have lost all hope in life or have underachieved in some task they expected to be successful in, resort to suicide - considering it to be a relief from thier dilemmas. Regrettably suicide does not give anyone any relief. Suicide is a defiance of Allah's will. Taking one’s life is something that compounds the misery of a Muslim and has devastating consequences for the community and family of the victim.

Suicide is Prohibited in Islam

Almighty Allah is our Creator, He is the giver of life and the Owner of it, and He Alone has the right to end it. Suicide is forbidden in Islam and listed among the most serious of crimes and sins.

There are specific sanctions expressed in the Quran prohibiting self-killing.

Allah says explicitly in the Quran; "And do not kill yourselves. Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you." (Surah An-Nisa Verse 29)

In another verse of the Quran, Allah says; "And do not plunge yourselves into destruction…” (Surah Al-Baqarah Verse 195)

Abu Hurayrah (R) narrated that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said; “Whoever throws himself down from a mountain and kills himself will be in the Fire of Hell, throwing himself down therein for ever and ever. Whoever takes poison and kills himself, his poison will be in his hand and he will be sipping it in the Fire of Hell for ever and ever. Whoever kills himself with a piece of iron, that piece of iron will be in his hand and he will be stabbing himself in the stomach with it in the Fire of Hell, for ever and ever.” (Sahih Bukhari)

Thabit ibn al-Dahhak (R) narrates that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said; “Whoever kills himself with something in this world will be punished with it on the Day of Resurrection.” (Sahih Bukhari)

Jundub (R) narrates that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “Among those who came before you there was a man who was wounded and he panicked, so he took a knife and cut his hand with it, and the blood did not stop flowing until he died. Allah said; 'My slave hastened to bring about his demise; I have forbidden Paradise for him.” (Sahih Bukhari & Muslim)

Why do People Commit Suicide?

The reasons that People commit suicide are as numerous and complex as the thousands of people who do so every year. Some contributing causes of suicide are:

Isolation and detachment

Substance Abuse (drugs and alcohol)

Loss of family or friends

Relationship break-ups

Financial problems

Sickness and disability

Failure or low self-esteem

Statistics on Suicide

Suicide statistics are at times inaccurate because of the sensitivity of the issue. However, available stats show an alarming growth-rate every year.

Annually more than one million people commit suicide globally

In the last 45 years suicide rates have increased by 65% worldwide

Suicide figures are twice the death toll from road accidents

6 000 to 8 000 people commit suicide in South Africa every year

What to do if you are Suicidal

If one is thinking of committing suicide he or she should think deeply about the Creator, friends and family, then turn to Allah and seek His assistance.

Talking to the Ulama, scholars, and social workers will help in combating negative thoughts.

Support groups provide useful assistance for those potentially suicidal.

Seek medical assistance from a professional.

May Allah save us from all prohibited acts and give us eternal bliss and peace of mind and heart.

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Important Dates

  • Thursday, 30 January 2020
    Azmate Sahaba Programme