Disregard For Ulama: An Open Sign Of Qiyamah
Rasulullah (sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam) prayed:
"O Allah! let me not be alive and may you (O Sahabah!) also not be alive at such a time when the Aalim will not be followed, and when no respect will be shown to the wise-learned ones. The people of that time will have hearts like kuffaar and their tongues will be eloquently sweet like the tongue of the Arabs." - Targheeb (al-I'tidaal of H.Shaikh)
Rasulullah (sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam) said:
"Such a time will come when the Ulama will be killed like dogs. If only the Ulama could become insane ...." (al-I'tidaal of H.Shaikh)
Rasulullah (sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam) said:
"Such a time will come when the death of the Ulama will be more sought after than red gold" (al-I'tidaal of H.Shaikh)
Rasulullah (sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam) said:
"That man is not from us (Muslims) who does not respect our elders, neither shows mercy on our young ones nor appreciates the Alim (scholar of Deen amongst us)" - Targheeb (al-I'tidaal of H.Shaikh)
Sayyidina Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) says:
"Whosoever harrasses any Alim has caused trouble and pain to Rasulullah (sallallahu- alayhi-wasallam) and the one who causes trouble and pain to Rasulullah (sallallahu- alayhi-wasallam) has caused trouble to Allah" (al-I'tidaal of H.Shaikh)
Maulana Abdul Hayy (R) writes in his "Fatawa":
"If the object of one who humiliates and causes pain to the Ulama is because of their knowledge of Deen, then the Fuqaha have passed a verdict of Kufr against him. If however, he has any other object then too there is no doubt in that person being a Faasiq, sinful person, worthy of Allah's anger and deserving of His punishment in this world and the Hereafter" - (Al-I'tidaal of H.Shaikh)
Imam Abdul Wahhab Sha'rani (R) writes:
"A covenant was made with us (Muslims) on behalf of Rasulullah (sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam) that we respect the Ulama, the saintly and the elders, whether they themselves act according to their knowledge or not. And that we shall continue to discharge their necessary rights and entrust their personal matter to Allah Ta'ala. Whosoever fails to discharge the Ulama's rights and fails to show them the necessary respect and honour is indeed guilty of sin towards Allah and His Rasul (sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam), for the Ulama are the successors of the Ambiya (AS), the heirs of Rasulullah (sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam), the bearers of the Shariah and they are His servants. When anyone insults them, the insults set forth a chain reaction which reaches Rasulullah (sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam). This is kufr. Now think for yourself: The king appoints someone as his ambassador. The king will with attention listen to this ambassador and debar the insulter from his court. On the other hand, the king will make a favourite out of that man who showed respect and honour to his ambassador and who discharged the rights due to his emissary" (al-I'tidaal of H.Shaikh)
Rasulullah (sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam) said:
"In a certain house of Bani Israeel, there was a bitch that was about to give birth to puppies. A guest arrived at the house. The bitch decided that she would not bark at the guest that night (so as to cause him trouble). However from inside the womb of the bitch, the puppies began to bark. Then Allah Ta'ala revealed: This is the example of that Ummah which will come after you. The foolish ones of that Ummah will overcome and subdue its Ulama" (Al-I'tidaal of H.Shaikh)
Fatawa Aalamgiri states:
"There is fear of kufr against that person who harbours hatred against any Alim without any acceptable, clear reason" (Al-I'tidaal of H.Shaikh)
The Role, Position And Rights Of The Ameer In Islam
Gleaned from the writings of our learned and pious elders
Our Nabi (sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam) said regarding obedience to the Ameer:
"He who obeys me has obeyed Allah; he who obeys my Ameer has obeyed me. He who disobeys me has disobeyed Allah; he who disobeys my Ameer, disobeys me" - Bukhari
He also said (sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam): "Hold fast to piety and hold fast to listening and rendering obedience, even if a negro slave was to be appointed as an Ameer over you" -
How necessary is it to obey the Ameer?
Hazrat Maulana Maseehullah (R) writes:
"Allah Ta'ala, along with His obedience, has ordered the obedience of those in authority (Ameer) in the Qur'an. Refer Nisaa'." - Ihtimaam-wa-Shura - Hazrat Ml.Masihullah (R); p.12
Is it necessary to obey the order of the Ameer in all matters so long as it does not contravene the Shari'ah?
Hazrat Mufti Mahmood Sahib's reply:
"It is Waajib (compulsory) to obey the order of the Ameer so long as it is in accordance with Shari'ah and is not an order of sin" - Shura-wa-Ihtimaam by Hazrat Mufti Mahmood Sahib (R); p.71
What is the importance of obeying the Ameer in Islam?
The Ameer occupies a very lofty and respectable position. He has to be obeyed in all lawful matters as long as he does not instruct towards sin and disobedience. Verses of the Holy Qur'an and Ahadith of Nabi (sallallahu-alyhi-wasallam) speak openly and clearly about the importance of the Ameer's position in Islam. Obedience to the Ameer alone will ensure the smooth functioning of the state, the army, any institutions and even the home. Disobedience to the Ameer will result in great anarchy and strife, as is evident from the 'democratic' system of the Western world.
Is it appropriate to expect the Ameer to bow down to individual whims and pressures?
Hazrat Maulana Maseehullah (R) writes:
"To expect the Ameer or head of an institution to submit before the demands of his subordinates is unreasonable and wrong. Instead of trying to rectifying the Ameer, it is better for the subordinates to be concerned about their own islaah. Every form of opposition or clash with the Ameer or head must necessarily be avoided." - Ihtimaam-
wa-Shura by Hazrat Maulana Masihullah Sahib (R); p.57
If for any reason, a subordinate in any institution is unable to have his own way with the Ameer or head, what is he supposed to do?
"If a subordinate cannot get along with his ameer, then with grace, dignity and in a respectful manner, without showing any hostility or animosity or any evil intention of causing harm, such a person should leave the institution." Ihtimaam-wa-Shura by Hazrat Maulana Masihullah Sahib (R); p.57
What is the main cause for the corruption of the Ummah?
Hazrat Maulana Masihullah (R) writes:
"The primary cause of the corruption of the Ummah is the rejection of the ways of the pious elders of the past and disobedience to the Ameer. It is therefore very important to hold fast to the obedience of the Ameer at all times." Ihtimaam-wa-Shura by Hazrat Maulana Masihullah Sahib (R); p.73
Does the Ameer have the power to dismiss any of his subordinates from a position without any particular reason?
Yes, an Ameer may dismiss his subordinates without any reason or merely on the basis of some future fears or misgivings with regard to such a person as is evident from the incident of Hazrat Umar (RA) and his dismissal of Habis bin Sa'd Tai' (RA) merely on the basis of a dream - Shura-wa-Ihtimaam by Hazrat Mufti Mahmood Sahib (R); p.44/45
Is it advisable to give a post to a person who hankers after positions, titles, etc.?
Hazrat Mufti Mahmood Sahib (R)'s reply to this:
"The person who hankers after positions or asks for a position is not deserving of it. Hazrat Abu Musa (RA) says I and two men form my tribe came to Rasulullah (sallallahu-alayhi-wa- sallam) and each one of them requested a position of power to which Rasulullah (sallallahu- alayhi-wasallam) replied that we do not give positions to
those who are desirous of them nor to those who ask for them. This greed and quest for position is a very undesirable practice, and such a person's end result in Qiyamah will be a bad one - Shura-wa-Ihtimaam by Hazrat Mufti Mahmood Sahib (R); p.90
Some Great Scholars (Ulama) of Pakistan
- deceased, may Allah grant them Jannah-
The Ulama played a great role in the formation of Pakistan. Great sacrifices were made by these scholars to make Pakistan a fully-fledged Islamic State governed by a constitution based on the Noble Quran and Sunnah. Each one specialized in a specific area of Islamic scholarship and served the Pakistani nation with heart and soul. May Allah be pleased with them and grant them elevated stages in paradise.
Shaikhul Islam Allama Shabbir Ahmad Uthmani Deobandi (RA)
Khateebul Ummah Maulana Ihtishamul Haq Thanwi (RA)
Hafizul Hadith Moulana Abdullah Darkhasti Saheb (RA)
Hakeemul Islam Maulana Qari Muhammad Tayyib Qaasimi (RA)
Sayyidul Mulk Allama Sayyid Sulaiman Nadwi (RA)
Shamsul Ulama Allama Shamsul Haq Afghani (RA)
Makhdumul Ummah Maulana Mufti Muhammad Hasan Amratsari (RA)
Shaikhul Hadith Maulana Muhammad Maalik Khandalwi (RA)
Badrul Ulama Maulana Sayyid Badrl Alam Meeruti Madani (RA)
Muhaddith Kabir Allama Muhammad Sharif Kashmiri (RA)
Ustazul Ulama Maulana Khair Muhammad Jalandari (RA)
Makhdumul Ulama Maulana Mufti Jameel Ahmad Thanwi (RA)
Qaide Islam Mufi Mahmood Saheb (RA)
Shaikhul Muhadditheen Allama Muhammad Idris Khandalwi (RA)
Shaikhul Islam Allama Zafar Ahmad Uthmani (RA)
Munazir Ahlus Sunnah Moulana Ameen Okarvi (RA)
Mufti Azam Pakistan Maulana Mufti Muhammad Shafee (RA)
Faqihul Asr Maulana Mufti Abdul Shakur Tirmizi (RA)
Muhaddithul Asr Allama Sayyid Muhammad Yusuf Binori (RA)
Shaikhul Asr Maulana Mufti Rasheed Ahmad Ludyanwi (RA)
FIRE IN THE EARS
Today, music has become a part of many people’s lives. The sound of music begins from the breakfast table and carries on throughout the day, until finally one is overpowered by sleep. Music has indiscriminately reached every place, from shopping malls to the pavement vendor. Modern technology has introduced better systems and gadgets to even bypass the frequent power failures.
The introduction of newer cell phones, DVD players, etc. has exacerbated the uncontrollable situation of the singing industry. The height of technology has reached such levels that all equipment, from a key ring to a fridge, is connected to some singing tune. By the way, fridges have built-in televisions, targeting housewives not to “miss out” while in the kitchen. The situation has deteriorated to such an extent that no place is free from music – not to mention the blaring music in the streets, with businesses “attracting customers” and motorists competing in the loudness of their sound systems. The days are over where consideration is given to others. Neighborhoods have become late-night dens for excessively loud music.
Islam will not tolerate even a single and simple musical tone. Once, a young girl entered the house of Aaisha (RA). Around her ankles was some kind of bangles which made a sound as she walked. Aaisha (RA) immediately reprimanded her and told her not to come near her until they were removed. This incident expresses the exact extent to which Islam prohibits the smallest musical tune.
The Sahaba (RA) were trained to abhor the sound of music to such an extent that once, Naafi’ (RA) accompanied Ibn Umar (RA), when the sound of a flute was heard. Hearing this, Ibn Umar (RA) placed his fingers in his ears and moved away to the other end of the street until he asked Naafi’ (RA) whether the sound can still be heard. Then only did he remove his fingers from his ears.
Music has a strange magnetic pull to corrupt the heart and mind. Those who are fond of listening to music regularly become unmindful of salaah and the zikr of Allah. And those who are engaged in singing have a very bleak future and are exposed o numerous difficulties.
Music also has the potential of drawing one to many other evils like gambling, alcohol, etc. Probably the worst situation would be for one to declare music as halaal. Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam warned about the time to come when people will declare zina, silk (for males), alcohol and musical instruments as halaal.
May Allah Ta’ala protect us from the evils of Shaytaan. Aameen.
To millions of South Africans, the cell phone is a blessing and has brought great relief and ease in terms of communication. The trade and commercial sector has tremendously benefited since its inception. There is absolutely no doubt that the cell phone is a useful device, albeit like other things it can be used incorrectly and more seriously, deliberately misused.
The technology on modern communication equipment and gadgets has made great in-roads into our lives. It has made impossibilities of yesteryear become a reality, making the world look like one big village. Within seconds one is able to communicate with the most distant places globally.
Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said that the entire creation is the responsibility and under the authority of Allah Ta’ala, and Allah loves that person most who is kind to His creation (Baihaqi). The entire creation’s responsibility and care is in the Hands of Allah Ta’ala. For example, Allah is the sole provider of sustenance to every living thing – even the animals. Allah says, “And there is no animal on earth except that its sustenance is upon Allah.” The means used to acquire the sustenance is dependent on the effort of that creation. In the case where a person helps and assists His (Allah’s) creation, in whichever way, this will result in Allah’s rahmah (mercy) descending on that person. Allah becomes very pleased when His servant is engaged in assisting His creation; more especially because one is helping what in essence is the responsibility of Allah. Allah has deep love for His creation and it makes Allah happy when someone shows care and affection towards His creation. And finally whatever we do must be done for the Pleasure of Allah alone.
The day of Thursday, 15th Muharram, A.H. 1283 (May 30, 1866), was that blessed and auspicious day in the Islamic history of India when the foundation stone for the renaissance of Islamic sciences was laid in the land of Deoband. Seeing the simple and ordinary manner in which it had been started, it was difficult to visualize and decide that a Madrasah beginning so humbly, with utter lack of equipment's, was destined to become the center, within a couple of years, of the Islamic sciences in Asia.Accordingly, before long, students desirous of studying the Holy Book and the Sunnah, the Shari'ah and the Tariqah (the spiritual path), began to flock here in droves from this sub continent as well as from neighboring and distant countries like Afghanistan, Iran, Bukhara and Samarqand, Burma, Indonesia, Malaysia, Turkey and the far off regions of the continent of Africa, and within a short-time the radiant rays of knowledge and wisdom illumined the heart and mind of the Muslims of the continent of Asia with the light of faith (Iman) and Islamic culture.
The time when the Darul Uloom Deoband, was established, the old Madaris in India had almost become extinct, and the condition of two or four that had survived the ravages of time was not better than that of a few glow-worms in a dark night. Apparently it so looked at that time as if the Islamic sciences had packed up their kit from India. Under these circumstances, some men of Allah and divine doctors, through their inner light, sensed the imminent dangers. They knew it too well that nations have attained their right status through knowledge only. So, without depending upon the government of the time, they founded the Darul Uloom, Deoband, with public contributions and co-operation. One of the principles that Hazrat Nanautavi (may his secret be sanctified) proposed for the Darul Uloom and other religious Madaris is also this that the Darul-Uloom should be run trusting in Allah and with public contributions for which the poor masses alone should be relied upon.
The Darul-Uloom, Deoband, is today a renowned religious and academic center in the Islamic world. In the sub-continent it is the largest institution for the dissemination and propagation of Islam and the biggest headspring of education in the Islamic sciences. Such accomplished scholars have come out from the Darul Uloom in every period that they, in accordance with the demands of religious needs of the time, have rendered valuable services in disseminating and spreading correct religious beliefs and religious sciences. These gentlemen, besides in this sub-continent, are busy in performing religions and academic services in various other countries also, and everywhere they have acquired a prominent status or religious guidance of the Muslims. The fact is that the Darul Uloom, Deoband, was a great religious, educational and reformative movement in the thirteenth century Hijri. It was such a crucial and crying need of the time that indifference to and connivance at it could cause Muslims to be confronted with inestimable dangers. The caravan that comprised only two souls on 15th Moharram, A-H. 1283, has today in its train individuals from many countries of Asia!
For the last one century, the Darul Uloom, Deoband, has been considered an incomparable teaching institution for the religious education of the Muslims not only in the sub-continent but also throughout the Islamic world. Besides the Jam'a-e Azhar, Cairo, there is no such institution any where in the Islamic world that may have acquired so much importance in point or antiquity, resorting, centrality and strength of students as the Darul Uloom, Deoband, has. The foundation of the Darul Uloom had been laid in this obscure, sleepy village of India at the hands of such sincere and august men that within a short time its academic greatness was established in the world of Islam. And it began to be looked upon as the most popular educational institution of the Islamic world, students from the Islamic countries flocking to it for the study and research of different arts and sciences. A large number of personalities, well-versed in the religions sciences, found today in the length and breadth of this sub-continent has quenched its thirst from this very great river of knowledge, and eminent religious doctors (Ulama) have been once the alumni of this very educational institution. It is a fact that as regards the worth of academic services not only in the sub-continent but also in other Islamic countries there is no other educational institution except one or two, that may have rendered such weighty and important religious and academic services to the Muslim community. The achievements of the Ulama of the Darul Uloom in the fields of religion, education, missionary-work and book writing have been acknowledged repeatedly. And the achievements not only in India but also in other Islamic lands, and in the fields especially of guidance and instruction, teaching and preaching they seem to be ahead of all others. In the Muslim society of the sub-continent, the command a high rank and a lofty position. With the tumult of the fame of the Darul Uloom even the academic assemblies of Afghanistan, Bukhara and Samarqand reverberated. Us graduates became deans and principals of great Madaris, and it is an authentic history. And a fact to assert that this spring of grace of the Darul Uloom, Deoband, by virtue of its ethos, has been busy for more than a century. In quenching the thirst of the seekers of knowledge of different sciences and the whole of Asia is redolent with the aroma of this prophetic garden. Among the hundreds of thousands of seminaries in the world of Islam today there are only two such institutions on which the Muslims have relied most of all: the one is Jam'a-e-Azhar, Cairo, and the other is Darul Uloom, Deoband. The religious services both these institutions of learning have rendered to the Muslims are sui generis. These very religious, academic and intellectual services of the Darul Uloom have made it a cynosure in the Islamic world. And what is more astonishing is that the Darul Uloom without being dependent on the government has made all these advancements. The blessings (Barakat) of the Darul Uloom and its universal beneficence are indicating that upon this academic institution a special theophany (Tajalli) of divine and prophetic knowledge has cast its light, which regularly continues to attract hearts towards it. What and how many great achievements the Darul Uloom, Deoband, made, what and how many renowned personalities it produced and how they imprinted the stamp of their service and utility in every field of religious life. All these things you will know by going through this history of the Darul Uloom, Deoband.
However much pride and joy the Muslims of the sub-continent express over the existence of the Darul Uloom Deoband, there can be no doubt about its being correct and justified. The history of the Darul Uloom in the present times is a bright chapter in the history of the Muslims effort and endeavor; this great struggle for the survival of religion and freedom of thought cannot be over looked in the history of Islam and the Muslims. Darul Uloom, Deoband, is in fact a shore less ocean from which, besides those of this sub-continent, the seekers of knowledge of the whole of Asia are benefiting. If the history of the Darul Uloom is studied minutely, a perspicacious reader will not fail to see the reality that it is not merely an old-type teaching institution; it is in fact a stupendous movement for the revival of Islam and the survival of the community.
The establishment of this seminary in the land of Deoband and its stability is the result of a concerted effort and endeavor of the Muslims of the sub-continent. Service to religion, support to Islam, renaissance of Islamic arts and sciences and their dissemination, and help to the students craving religious knowledge are the special and momentous achievements of the Darul Uloom Deoband. For one hundred and fourteen years it has been rendering, as per the pious predecessors tack, the right-type of academic and gnostic training to the Muslims. Even as Cairo, after the fall of Baghdad, became the center of Islamic arts and sciences, exactly in the same way, after the decline of Delhi, academic centrality fell to the lot of Deoband. And great illustrious personalities rose up from this teaching institution, innumerable scholars were fostered in its laps, and thousands of Ulama, Shaikhs, traditionists, jurisconsults, authors and experts of other arts and sciences were produced here. And, having become an adornment in the firmament of knowledge and action rendered and are still rendering services to religion in different manners in every nook and corner of the sub-continent.The history of the Darul Uloom, Deoband, is a historical chapter on an epoch-making period in the history of Islam as a whole. The long and short of this is that this overflowing ocean of arts and sciences has so far assuaged the thirst of a very large number of the seekers of knowledge, who having become the vernal air, have spread its academic aura in the four corners of the world. Those who benefited from the Darul Uloom are like a luxuriant free the green and fresh branches and foliage of which it is not easy to compute.
Darul Uloom Deoband, has been a center of both the Shariah and the Tariqa from the very day of its inception. All the moons and stars in the sky of the Shariah and the Tariqa and knowledge and action that are at the time shining in the sub-continent have been mostly illuminated by this very brilliant sun, and have come out assuaged from this very head spring of knowledge and gnosis. Every one knows that most of the great Ulama of the sub-continent has been the alumni of this very institution. And those who feasted at the dinner-cloth of Darul Uloom are now present in most of the Asian countries, where as well as in the sub-continent and certain other foreign lands. They have enkindled the lamps of the Holy Book and the Sunnah, and have imparted the grace of instruction and guidance to countless people. Darul Uloom, Deoband, has played a great part in investing the Muslims thoughts and views with freshness and sacredness, their hearts with ambition and courage, and their bodies with strength and energy. Its beneficence universal and countless men, to satisfy whose academic eagerness there were no means available, have quenched their thirst from it. At the same time, on the model of Darul.Uloom sprang up many religious and academic springs, each having its own particular many of circle of its benefit and grace. They are all the stars of this very solar system by the light of which every nook and corner of the religious and academic life of the Muslims of the sub-continent is radiant.
Very little attention has been paid to this benefit of these ýreligious schools that on account of them the condition of millions of Muslim families has been ameliorated. The Muslims inferiority complex was removed and that through these schools became available to the community innumerable such individuals, who, according to the conditions and time, guided the Muslims in the different aspects of life.
Besides their great services in the revival of Islam, they awakened political consciousness among the Muslims and took leading part in the struggle for freedom as a result of which the countries of the sub-continent acquired independence.
Even as in the past the Darul Uloom, Deoband, has rendered invaluable services to the cause of Islam, the Muslims and the religious sciences. It is hoped that in future too it will continue to discharge the obligation of inciting the Muslims power of action, of strengthening the faiths and of preaching and propagating Islam. .