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N.B. Rulings are given in accordance with the Hanafi school of thought

Qurbani Fanfold

The Significance of Udhiyya

Q: What is the Significance of Qurbani?

A: Zayd lbn Arqam (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports that the Sahabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) once asked, “O Rasulullah (ﷺ), What is Qurbani?” He replied, “It is the Sunnah of your father lbrahim (Alayhis Salaam).” They again asked, “What benefit do we derive from it?” He answered, “A reward for every hair (of the sacrificed animal).” “And (what reward is there for animals with) wool, O' Rasulullah (ﷺ)?” they asked. “A reward”, he said, “for every fibre of the wool.” (Ibn Majah)

Rasulullah (ﷺ) said: “There is nothing dearer to Allah Ta'ala during the days of Qurbani than sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Qiyamah with its horns, hair and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore, sacrifice happily with an open heart.”


Q: What is the Significance of Qurbani?

A: Zayd lbn Arqam (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports that the Sahabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) once asked, “O Rasulullah (ﷺ), What is Qurbani?” He replied, “It is the Sunnah of your father lbrahim (Alayhis Salaam).” They again asked, “What benefit do we derive from it?” He answered, “A reward for every hair (of the sacrificed animal).” “And (what reward is there for animals with) wool, O' Rasulullah (ﷺ)?” they asked. “A reward”, he said, “for every fibre of the wool.” (Ibn Majah)

Rasulullah (ﷺ) said: “There is nothing dearer to Allah Ta'ala during the days of Qurbani than sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Qiyamah with its horns, hair and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore, sacrifice happily with an open heart.”

 

Q: On whom is Qurbani Wajib (obligatory)?

A: Qurbani is Wajib (obligatory) on all who fulfill the following three conditions:
Muslim who is of sound mind - mature (has reached the age of puberty),
a Muqeem (a Shari traveller is exempted from Qurbani)
one who possesses Zakatable wealth in excess of one's basic needs and debts on any of the three days of Qurbani. It is not necessary that this amount be in one's possession for a complete lunar year.

 

Q: Is Qurbani Wajib on a child or an insane person?

Qurbani is not incumbent on a child or an insane person nor is it incumbent upon their guardians to perform it on their behalf.

 

Q: Is Qurbani Wajib on a Musafir?

A: It is not Wajib on a musafir (one considered a traveller in Shariah).

 

Q: How should a person make up for Qurbani if he did not perform it?

A: If Qurbani is Wajib, the obligation must be executed. Compensation or sadaqah cannot be given in lieu of Qurbani. If Qurbani was not offered due to ignorance, negligence or for some other reason, then it is Wajib to give in Sadaqah the price of the Qurbani animal or the unslaughtered animal itself to the poor.

 

Q: When should Qurbani be performed?

A: The time for Qurbani commences after the Eid Salah on the 10th of Zul Hijjah and ends at the setting of the sun on the 12th of Zul Hijjah. It is better to make Qurbani on the first day.

 

Q: In rural area where no Eid Salah is performed can Qurbani be performed before the Eid Salah?

A: In rural areas where Jumu'ah and Eid Salah are not performed, Qurbani may be performed as soon as Fajr (Subhus Sadiq) sets in on the 10th of Zul Hijjah.

 

Q: If a person’s animal is in the rural area but he is in the town is it permissible for his Qurbani to be performed before Eid Salah?

A: If a person who resides in a town (where Eid Salah is performed) and arranges for his animal to be slaughtered in a rural area (where Eid Salah is not performed), then it is permissible for his animal to be slaughtered before he performs his Eid Salah.

 

Q: Is it permissible to make Qurbani before the Eid Salah?

A: If the Qurbani has been offered before the 'Eid Salah, it will have to be repeated.

 

Q: Is it permissible to make Qurbani during the night?

A: It is preferable to slaughter during the day.

 

Q: Is it permissible for a husband to purchase a Qurbani animal on behalf of his wife?

A: A man may purchase an animal for his wife from his wealth with her consent.

 

Q: Should a person intending to perform Qurbani abstain from cutting the hair and nails?

A: It is Mustahab (preferable) for a person intending Qurbani not to cut/trim the hair and nails from the first of Zul Hijjah until after the animal is slaughtered.

 

Q: Is it permissible to appoint a proxy to perform one’s Qurbani?

A: Qurbani will be discharged if one appoints a proxy. The proxy may be an organisation or an individual.

 

Q: A person was a Musafir on the 10th, 11th, and 12th of Zul Hijjah. However, before sunset on the 12th he returned home. Will Qurbani be Wajib upon him? Similarly, if a person upon whom Qurbani was not Wajib received some money which equals the Nisaab amount just before sunset of the twelfth of Zul Hijjah, will Qurbani be Wajib upon him?

A: If a traveller returned home or a person acquired the required wealth on the 12th of Zul Hijjah before sunset, it will be Wajib upon the person to perform Qurbani.

 

Q: Is it permissible for a woman in Haidh or Nifas to slaughter a Qurbani anima?

A: The Qurbani (slaughter) done by a woman in Haidh (menstruation) or Nifas (period after childbirth) is valid and permissible.

 

Q: Is it encouraged to Offering Sacrifice on behalf of Rasulullah (ﷺ) or any Deceased Muslim?

A: After one completes the compulsory Qurbani, and one still has the means, it is recommended to perform Qurbani on behalf of Rasulullah (ﷺ) as well. One may also include the Sahabah (Radiyallahu Anhum), the entire Ummah, the Prophets (Alayhimu Salaam) and all those living or deceased relatives, friends and teachers who have conveyed Deeni knowledge or been a cause of benefit to one.

Hazrat Abu Talha (Radiyallahu Anhu) has related that Rasulullah (ﷺ) sacrificed one ram and while sacrificing the other he said, "This is on behalf of every one of my Ummah who believed in me and testified (to my prophethood)."

 

Q: Is there a warning for those who ignore Qurbani?

A: Hazrat Abu Hurayrah (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (ﷺ) said, “He who has the means of performing Qurbani but does not do so should not come close to our Eid Gah (place where Eid Salah is performed).

 

Reference: 1.Surah An'aam, 2.Ibn Majah, 3.Ad Durrul Mukhtar, 4.Hidayah, 12.Tirmizi, 10.Fatawa Mahmoodiyyah, 11.Tabrani, 12.Mustadrak, 5.Sahih Bukhari, 6.Muatta Imam Malik, 7.Al Bahrur Raaiq, 8.Sahih Muslim, 9.Ahsanul Fatawa

 

And Allah Knows Best

Darul Ihsan Fatwa Dept

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